Jaigarh fort is among the three forts which are loacted in Amer region of the Pink city. The fort is situated on Aravali hills and the part is popularaly known as Cheel ka Tilla (Hill of the Eagle) localy. It is centrally situated on the way to Nahargarh fort from Amber fort. Unlike the Nahargarh fort which was built as a rest house for the Kings, this was build as a residential building but later on it was mainly used as warehouse for the artilleries.
History of Jaigarh Fort
History of the Jaigarh fort date back to 18th century. It was build by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1726 as fort to protect theAmber fort from enemy invasion. The purpose was to use the height of Aravalis to keep a watch on the area to get an earlier clue of the approaching enemy.
Jaigarh Fort Architecture
The fort campus is spread over 3 kilometer of area and the architectural design is similar to that of Amber fort. Like the Amber and Naharharh forts , Jaigarh Fort jaipur has got the element which is a mixture of Mughal era architectural pattern combined with Rajputana style. The fort has been made by the red sandstone which is still very peculiar material used in buildings even today. It houses a square garden in the middle and two vintage temples of ancient era much older than the life of fort itself. One is the Ram Harihar temple which was build around 10th century and another one is a Kala Bhairva (Lord Shiva ) temple dated back to 12th century. The fort is protected by high walls with spots for attacking the approaching from the top. It also houses a central water reservoir which was used for supplying water to the Amber fort. The central reservoir is still conserved a it was.
Jaigarh Fort Visit For
The major attraction of Jaigarh fort is the 'Jaivana', a wheel mounted cannon which was built in the vicinity itself and was the largest cannon of that time. It's still been placed at the point from where it was first operated. It is said that it took 16 bullocks many hours of churning to get it on the top of the fort when it was needed to fire onto the enemies and since that day it has been neither moved nor operated. Apart from this there is a museum as well which contains the old manuscripts, clothes, weapons and artworks of the bygone era.
How to Reach Jaigarh Fort
There is no special arrangement required to reach here, it's on the way to Nahargarh fort and just few meters above the Amber fort and it can be reached via road by using Jaipur Bus service. There are many tour planners which book a whole day package for the site seeing and this include a visit to Amber and Nahargarh fort as well.
Jaigarh fort is a must visit site if one wants to known the rich Rajputana culture. The lifestyle of the era, the history of Rajasthan and the most important chapter of history of India.