Jaipur Facts

Jaipur Informational Data

Following is the informational data, facts and figures about Jaipur. Read on for full information about Jaipur, Rajasthan India.
Country India(IN)
Capital of Rajasthan(RJ) State
Area 200.4 sq. km. (77.4 sq mi)
Coverage 30 kilometers
Geographic Location 26.9°N 75.8°E
Population 39 lacs
Established in 1727
Elevation 431 metres (1,414 ft) above sea level
Distance from National Capital, New Delhi 250 kms
Weather Summers (March-June)
Winters (November-February)
Monsoon (July-September)
Temperature Maximum 45°c
Minimum 5°c
Rainfall 556mm (July to September)
Languages Rajasthani, Hindi and English.
Religion Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism and Christianity.
Best Time to Visit Winters
STD Code 0141
ISD Code +91141
Intercity Connectivity Services Buses, Trains, Air Services from major Indian Cities
Intracity Connectivity Services Taxis, Autos, City Buses, Metro Rail(Under Construction)

Jaipur has been the most fascinating city of northern India and it's tryst with history has won it the status of a heritage city. The rich heritage and culture of medieval India remains preserved here in the hearts of people's. Jaipurites proudly carry their culture on their sleeves. There is more to this city than just the antiques and ancient monuments. The Pink City enjoys the undivided attention of tourists and the status of being among the oldest city in the country which was fully planned and then inhabited, which is still flourishing with life.

Some of the interesting facts about the city:

  • The capital of the largest state of India.
  • Multilingual population with majority of people speaking Marwari, Hadauti but the official language being Rajasthani.
  • Situated at an altitude of 431 m from Sea level with a hot and humid temperature ranging from 45°c in March to June which goes
  • down to 22° c in December.
  • Annual rainfall received in 650 mm, which makes it a lot more greener region in otherwise mostly desert state.
  • Houses two well reputed Universities ranked among the top in India
  • A major educational hub producing about 10% of engineers in the region and has several high standard institutes.
  • With a population of around 66.5 lac, the largest city in Rajasthan by population.

Historical Facts:

  • Built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II on 18th November 1727.
  • Hailed as the first planned city of India, planned by a Bengali architect named Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya by following the
  • principles of Shilpa Shastra (the science of Indian architecture).
  • Vedic planning for the comfort and prosperity of the citizens, or better known as Vastu Shastra, has also been incorporated while planning it.
  • This largest city in Rajasthan, also famous as the "Pink City".
  • The city was painted with terracotta pink colour in grand welcome of the Prince of Wales. Since then the name has not only retained the color, but has become the city's unique identity.
  • Between 1727 and 1734, Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur emphasized more on monumental construction, constructing five astronomical observatories or Jantar Mantars, the observatories for studying the exact timing of seasons and predicting the weather pattern.
  • Central Museum is the oldest museum, located in the centre of the Ram Niwas Bagh of Jaipur.
  • Gaitore, located about 15 km from Jaipur on the Jaipur Amber Road; is a royal cremation site of rulers of Jaipur.
  • Sambhar,famous for being the largest saline lake in India is located at a distance of 60 km from Jaipur.
  • The region first major trade park World Trade Park is situated here in Jaipur.
  • Jaipur Marathon is the most famous event of the year.
  • Kite festival and Elephant festival, held in Monsoon season is among other major annual celebrations.
  • Jaipur Literature fest and Jaipur Auto Expo, though being only a couple of years older has found an important place on annual calendar. These events are held in January each year along with the NRI day celebrations.
  • Jaipur Jewelry Show and Jaipur Decor Show are the exclusive events for jewelry and interior decorative items, these events are held in winters every year.